Scientific names of Vegetables in Bahay Kubo

Most Filipinos grew up learning the song “Bahay Kubo” (Nipa Hut) as it’s one of the staples of folk songs taught to children. Remembering all the vegetables mentioned in the lyrics is often given as a trivia challenge especially to adults just to test how well they still know the song. Being able to list all is already an amazing feat.

A more difficult challenge, even for geeks, is knowing the scientific names of each vegetable. I remember kicking off our Taxonomy class with this homework back in college and it was quite a daunting yet fun challenge.

So to help out anyone, call it a public service, I share to you a table of all the vegetables in the song “Bahay Kubo” along with its respective scientific name.

Filipino nameEnglish nameScientific name
SingkamasMexican turnipPachyrhizus erosus
TalongEggplantSolanum melongena
SigarilyasWinged beansPsophocarpus tetragonolobus
ManiPeanutVigna unguiculata subsp. sesquipedalis
SitawYardlong beansVigna unguiculata subsp. sesquipedalis
BatawHyacinth beanLablab purpureus
PataniLima beansPhaseolus lunatus
KundolWinter melonBenincasa hispida
PatolaSponge gourd, vegetable gourdCucunis acutangulus
UpoBottle gourdLagenaria siceraria
KalabasaSquashCucurbita maxima
LabanosWhite radishRaphanus sativus
MustasaMustardBrassica integrifolia
SibuyasOnionAllium cepa
KamatisTomatoSolanum lycopersicum
BawangGarlicAllium sativum
LuyaGingerZingiber officinale
LingaSesameSesamum indicum

The basic rule for writing a scientific name

  1. Use both genus and species name: Felis catus.
  2. Italicize the whole name.
  3. Capitalize only the genus name. (In the past you would capitalize the species designation if it was derived from a proper name, e.g., Megalonyx Jeffersonii, but now the species designation is always lowercased: Megalonyx jeffersonii.)

Hope this helps!

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